Here’s an interesting Monday musing…
Did you know about 34 children are treated in U.S. emergency rooms every day for choking on food, according to a new report?!
According to U.S. News, Dr. Gary Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, looked at a national database, comparing the numbers of choking injuries year by year.
In 2001, about 10,400 U.S. children were treated in emergency departments for non-fatal choking on food. From 2001 through 2009, the annual estimate of non-fatal injuries was about 12,400 children, aged 14 and under, Smith found.
The average age of the children treated was 4.5 years old, and the age group of children from newborns to 4 years old accounted for about 62 percent of the episodes.
The top 5 foods involved in choking incidents were candy, meat, bone, fruits and vegetables. Hot dogs made the list but they were #11 according to MD Mama. Read more about the new study online and in the August print issue of Pediatrics.
So … would YOU know what to do if you see a child or adult choking..?
Things to watch for…
- Trouble breathing
- Coughing or choking for several minutes
- Gripping the throat with one or both hands
- High-pitched wheezing
- Bluish color of skin, lips, fingertips/nails, and earlobes
NOTE: There are TWO separate “What to do…” parts here… one for ADULTS & CHILDREN and one for INFANTS!
What to do… for ADULTS & CHILDREN (Children over age 1)
- Tell victim to try and cough it out. Ask “are you choking?” If victim nods yes, tell him/her you are going to help. (Be prepared to do the Heimlich maneuver.)
- Stand behind victim, wrap your arms around him/her and place your fist (thumb side in) just above victim’s belly button well below the breastbone.
- Grab the fist with your other hand and give quick, upward thrusts into their abdomen.
- Continue giving thrusts until the object is coughed out and victim can breathe, cough or talk or until he/she stops responding or passes out.
If ADULT or CHILD stops responding or passes out:
Yell for help, check breathing, and position victim on a flat surface so you can begin CPR (30 compressions and 2 breaths) – or do Hands-only CPR – to help force object out.
What to do… for INFANTS (Newborn to age 1)
- If infant stops breathing, have someone call an ambulance.
- Turn infant face down on your forearm and support its head with that hand — hold at angle so it’s head is lower than chest. (May want to brace arm holding infant against your thigh.)
- Give 5 back blows between infants’ shoulder blades with the heel of your other hand.
- If no object comes out, turn infant over so it is facing up on your forearm (still at an angle so head lower than chest) — use your first two fingers to find the center of the breastbone on infant’s chest.
- Give 5 thrusts to infant’s chest using only 2 fingers! (Each thrust should be 1½ inches [3.81 cm] deep!)
- Repeat steps until infant can breath, cough, or cry or until he/she stops responding or passes out.
If INFANT stops responding or passes out:
Place infant on a firm, flat surface above ground (like on a table or counter) so you can begin Infant CPR.
Learn more about CPR from the American Heart Association or find a CPR class near you … or contact your local Red Cross about their First Aid and CPR courses.
And visit the Child Injury Prevention Alliance for some choking prevention tips.
Stay safe out there, j & B